Iris – Iris X hollandica
Symbolism: Iris flowers represent wisdom, trust, hope, and valor. The yellow iris, in particular, symbolizes ardor and passion. Regardless of colour, Irises herald good news.
Birth Month: February
Description: Irises are exotic blooms with graceful petals that unfold in jewel tones of blue, purple, white, yellow, orange, pink, red, and brown. They can also display multicolored patterns, such as contrasting standards (upright petals) and falls (drooping petals), or bearded irises showcasing a "beard" of a different color along the falls.
The fleur-de-lis, which is a symbol of the kings of France, is actually an iris. It is said that Louis VII chose the flower as his emblem after emerging victorious from a battle that took place in a field covered with yellow iris flowers (Iris pseudacorus). In Japan, the iris is a national symbol, alongside the peony and chrysanthemum.
Named after: The iris flower takes its name from the Greek word îris meaning "rainbow", which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow. Some say the name refers to the wide variety of flower colours found among the many Iris species.
Latin/Scientific name: Iris X hollandica
Native to: Iberian Peninsula and Northern Africa
Flowering period: Spring and early summer
Vase life: 3 to 5 days
Popular use in floral arrangements or bouquets: Irises add an exotic yet elegant touch to bouquets, centerpieces, and corsages.