Hellebores – Helleborus niger
Symbolism: Hellebores carry a dual symbolism. They represent peace, serenity, and tranquility, but also scandal and anxiety.
Hellebores have a rich history in Greek mythology and legends, and have long been associated with healing, protection, and transformative powers.
Description: Hellebores, also known as Christmas roses, are vibrant, luxurious, wild, and exquisite. They are characterized by their saucer-shaped white, green, purple, or occasionally bright pink flowers. Several species of the Helleborus genus are poisonous to mammals.
Named after: The flower’s scientific name, Helleborus, may derive from the ancient Greek word helléboros, constructed from heleîn, meaning "to injure") and borá, meaning "food."
Latin/Scientific name: Helleborus niger
Native to: Eastern Alps, spreading through Germany (primarily Bavaria), Austria, Switzerland, Italy, and the Northern Balkans
Flowering period: From late November until spring, depending on species or hybrid
Vase life: 3 to 7 days
Popular use in floral arrangements or bouquets: Hellebores are often used in floral arrangements as a funky element or special texture flower.
When in stock in our shops: Sporadically. We carry both cut and potted Hellebores as part of our indoor flowering plant collection, when they are in season.
Potted plant care
Place your potted hellebore plant in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight.
Hellebores prefer partial shade, especially in hot climates.
Use a well-draining potting mix that is rich in organic matter, such as compost or peat moss.
Hellebores prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.
Water your hellebore plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.
Water the plant thoroughly until water runs out of the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot.
Avoid overwatering as it can cause root rot.
Temperature & Humidity
Hellebore plants prefer cool temperatures (55-68°F, 13-20°C).
They can tolerate dry indoor air, but prefer a humid environment.
Placing a tray of water near the plant or using a humidifier can help maintain adequate humidity levels.
Fertilize your hellebore plant in the spring with a slow-release fertilizer.
Avoid fertilizing during the winter months when the plant is dormant.
Transitioning Indoors to Outdoors
Hellebore plants are typically grown outdoors in the ground, but they can also be grown in containers.
If you decide to transition your hellebore plant from indoors to outdoors, do so gradually to avoid shock.
Start by placing the plant in a shaded outdoor area for a few hours a day and gradually increase the exposure to sunlight over time.
Ensure the outdoor soil is well-draining to prevent waterlogged conditions.